C64 CHIPS and COMMON SYMPTOMS  
              latest additions and corrections: 9-28-07

U1 	906108-02 (6526) CIA 
     Startup screen normal, but no cursor. No keyboard or control port
access. Partial failure: some keys or joystick positions don't work, one
character appears ahead of startup cursor, screen fills at startup as if 
keys are being held down. Cartridge works.

U2 	906108-02 (6526) CIA 
     Startup screen normal. No serial or user port access. "File not
found" error when drive accessed. Cartridge works. Characters sometimes
will show as blocks on startup screen. 

U3 	901226-01 BASIC ROM 
     Blank screen w/ border. Cartridge works. 

U4	901227-03 (early -02) KERNAL ROM	
     Blank screen, no border. Most cartridges don't work but a few game
carts (example: CBM Kickman and Jupiter Lander) will work with a normal 
screen because they bypass the Kernal ROM.

U5	901225-01 CHARACTER ROM	
     Normal startup border, but "garbage" characters where startup page
characters should be. Cartridge works. 

     Startup screen shows flickering characters with shimmering colors. 
check also PLA U17.

U7	906107-01 (6510) MPU
     Blank screen, no border. Cartridge doesn't work.

     Blank screen. Partial failure: drive access problems: drive
resets, but "device not present" error.

U9 THRU U12 & U22 THRU U24  	8 RAM CHIPS (4164)
                          note: only 2 4464 RAM chips in C64C
     Blank screen, no border. Shorted chips will get warmer than the
other RAM chips. Partial failure: will sometimes produce garbage
screen, abnormal number of bytes free or "out of memory" error on
startup screen.

U13	74LS257	(or MOS7708) LOGIC
     Blank screen or less than 38911 bytes free at startup.

U14	74LS258	LOGIC
     Blank screen.

U15	74LS139	LOGIC
     Blank screen

U16	CD4066 (generic CMOS quad bilateral switch)
     Color problems such as random color "checkerboard" pattern on screen
or no color. 

U17	906114-01 (82S100PLA) PLA
     Blank screen, no border. It can produce colored screen or flashing
color garbage instead of startup screen. It can cause intermittant loss of
cursor, screen freeze and/or program crashes after warmup and it can put
random characters on screen. This chip normally runs hot. It is the most
common chip to fail in the C64 and it should run no hotter than the SID.

U18  	906112-01 (6581) SID				
     Normal screen. No sound or garbled sound. Mouse or graphics tablet
pointer stuck or jitters. If shorted, can cause blank or "garbage" screen.
NOTE: computer will work without a SID plugged in (unplug to check). This
chip normally runs hot.

U19	906109-04 (6567) VIC	(PAL version is 6569)			
     Blank screen (may be light or dark) with no border. Sometimes will
produce garbage or "checkerboard" screen, or screen that lacks contrast.
If screen is blank or garbled from bad VIC, "blind" disk commands from
keyboard may still work.

     Blank screen. Computer will not reset, or RESTORE doesn't work.

U25	74LS257	(or MOS7708) LOGIC
     Blank screen or less than 38911 bytes at startup.

U26	74LS373	LOGIC
     Startup screen has normal border, but characters are scrambled.

U27	74LS08 (or MOS7712) LOGIC
     Normal startup border, but screen full of "garbage" characters. 

U28	CD4066 (generic CMOS quad bilateral switch)
     Normal startup screen. Proportional mouse or graphics tablet
doesn't work in one or both control (joystick) ports. 

     Startup screen shows normal characters in multicolored "rainbow".

U31	8701 MASTER OSC. (Some C64s use 74LS629N w/ support logic)		
     Blank white screen, no border. Normal "whine" in nearby AM radio
will be missing if the oscillator is not running. Check also VIC U19

     No monitor picture, just diagonal lines on screen. 

     Can produce many problems like blank screen (red LED on, dim, or off),
program lock-up, garbage screen, hum bars moving on screen, hum in audio,
damaged RAM or other chips, intermittant operation after warmup, etc.

Ray Carlsen CET